Amerikansk Eskimo hund
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Amerikansk Eskimo hund


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Amerikansk Eskimo hund:
FCI: Ikke anerkjent av FCI
Hvordan kan en hund stå her som ikke er anerkjent av FCI
 
AKC:
Anerkjent av AKC
Non-Sporting
Non-sporting dogs are a diverse group. Here are sturdy animals with as different personalities and appearances as the Chow Chow, Dalmatian, French Bulldog, and Keeshond. Talk about differences in size, coat, and visage! Some, like the Schipperke and Tibetan Spaniel are uncommon sights in the average neighborhood. Others, however, like the Poodle and Lhasa Apso, have quite a large following. The breeds in the Non-Sporting Group are a varied collection in terms of size, coat, personality and overall appearance.
ANDRE NAVN: American Eskimo, American Spitz, Eskie
 
STØRRELSE: Liten
VEKT: Hann: 3-16kg
Tispe: 3-16kg
HØYDE: Hann: 23-48cm
Tispe: 23-48cm
FARGE(R): hvit
PELSLENGDE: Mellomlang
PELS: Tykk, fyldig, dobbel
PELSSTELL: Endel
 

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Amerikansk Eskimo hund
 

American Eskimo Dog
Om American Eskimo Dog:

A small to medium-size Nordic-type dog, the American Eskimo Dog is known for its bright white coat, jet black points (lips, nose and eye rims) and erect triangular ears. Although once used as a circus dog, they are primarily companion dogs today and participate in conformation, obedience and agility competitions. The breed’s white double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat, with longer guard hairs forming an outer coat that stands off from the body.

A Look Back
A member of the Spitz family, the "Eskie" descended from the European Spitzes, including the white German Spitz, the white Keeshond, the white Pomeranian and the white Italian Spitz. Contrary to its name, the breed has nothing to do with the Eskimo culture. During the 19th century in America, the breed performed regularly in trick-dog acts in traveling circuses throughout America, prized for their beautiful appearance, intelligence and agility.

Right Breed for You?
Intelligent, alert and friendly, the American Eskimo Dog is also an excellent watchdog, protective of his home and family. The Eskie learns quickly and is eager to please his owner, but requires daily exercise. Their voluminous coat sheds and needs to be brushed and bathed on a regular basis.

  • Non-Sporting Group; AKC recognized in 1994.
  • Divided into Toy, Miniature or Standard size, ranging from 9 to 19 inches tall at the shoulder.
  • Loving and devoted companions.

Rasebeskrivelse:

General Appearance
The American Eskimo Dog, a loving companion dog, presents a picture of strength and agility, alertness and beauty. It is a small to medium-size Nordic type dog, always white, or white with biscuit cream. The American Eskimo Dog is compactly built and well balanced, with good substance, and an alert, smooth gait. The face is Nordic type with erect triangular shaped ears, and distinctive black points (lips, nose, and eye rims). The white double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat, with a longer guard hair growing through it forming the outer coat, which is straight with no curl or wave. The coat is thicker and longer around the neck and chest forming a lion-like ruff, which is more noticeable on dogs than on bitches. The rump and hind legs down to the hocks are also covered with thicker, longer hair forming the characteristic breeches. The richly plumed tail is carried loosely on the back.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size There are three separate size divisions of the American Eskimo Dog (all measurements are heights at withers): Toy, 9 inches to and including 12 inches; Miniature, over 12 inches to and including 15 inches; and Standard, over 15 inches to and including 19 inches. There is no preference for size within each division. Disqualification: Under 9 inches or over 19 inches. Proportion. Length of back from point of shoulder to point of buttocks is slightly greater than height at withers, an approximate 1.1 to 1 ratio. Substance. The American Eskimo Dog is strong and compactly built with adequate bone.

Head
Expression is keen, intelligent, and alert. Eyes are not fully round, but slightly oval. They should be set well apart, and not slanted, prominent or bulging. Tear stain, unless severe, is not to be faulted. Presence of tear stain should not outweigh consideration of type, structure, or temperament. Dark to medium brown is the preferred eye color. Eye rims are black to dark brown. Eyelashes are white. Faults: amber eye color or pink eye rims. Disqualification: blue eyes. Ears should conform to head size and be triangular, slightly blunt-tipped, held erect, set on high yet well apart, and blend softly with the head. Skull is slightly crowned and softly wedge-shaped, with widest breadth between the ears. The stop is well defined, although not abrupt. The muzzle is broad, with length not exceeding the length of the skull, although it may be slightly shorter. Nose pigment is black to dark brown. Lips are thin and tight, black to dark brown in color. Faults: pink nose pigment or pink lip pigment. The jaw should be strong with a full complement of close fitting teeth. The bite is scissors, or pincer.

Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is carried proudly erect, well set on, medium in length, and in a strong, graceful arch. The topline is level. The body of the American Eskimo Dog is strong and compact, but not cobby. The chest is deep and broad with well-sprung ribs. Depth of chest extends approximately to point of elbows. Slight tuck-up of belly just behind the ribs. The back is straight, broad, level, and muscular. The loin is strong and well-muscled. The American Eskimo Dog is neither too long nor too short coupled. The tail is set moderately high and reaches approximately to the point of hock when down. It is carried loosely on the back, although it may be dropped when at rest.

Forequarters
Forequarters are well angulated. The shoulder is firmly set and has adequate muscle but is not overdeveloped. The shoulder blades are well laid back and slant 45° with the horizontal. At the point of shoulder the shoulder blade forms an approximate right angle with the upper arm. The legs are parallel and straight to the pasterns. The pasterns are strong and flexible with a slant of about 20°. Length of leg in proportion to the body. Dewclaws on the front legs may be removed at the owner's discretion; if present, they are not to be faulted. Feet are oval, compact, tightly knit and well padded with hair. Toes are well arched. Pads are black to dark brown, tough and deeply cushioned. Toenails are white.

Hindquarters
Hindquarters are well angulated. The lay of the pelvis is approximately 30° to the horizontal. The upper thighs are well developed. Stifles are well bent. Hock joints are well let down and firm. The rear pasterns are straight. Legs are parallel from the rear and turn neither in nor out. Feet are as described for the front legs. Dewclaws are not present on the hind legs.

Coat
The American Eskimo Dog has a stand-off, double coat consisting of a dense undercoat and a longer coat of guard hair growing through it to form the outer coat. It is straight with no curl or wave. There is a pronounced ruff around the neck which is more noticeable on dogs than bitches. Outer part of the ear should be well covered with short, smooth hair, with longer tufts of hair growing in front of ear openings. Hair on muzzle should be short and smooth. The backs of the front legs should be well feathered, as are the rear legs down to the hock. The tail is covered profusely with long hair. THERE IS TO BE NO TRIMMING OF THE WHISKERS OR BODY COAT AND SUCH TRIMMING WILL BE SEVERELY PENALIZED. The only permissible trimming is to neaten the feet and the backs of the rear pasterns.

Color
Pure white is the preferred color, although white with biscuit cream is permissible. Presence of biscuit cream should not outweigh consideration of type, structure, or temperament. The skin of the American Eskimo Dog is pink or gray. Disqualification: any color other than white or biscuit cream.

Gait
The American Eskimo Dog shall trot, not pace. The gait is agile, bold, well balanced, and frictionless, with good forequarter reach and good hindquarter drive. As speed increases, the American Eskimo Dog will single track with the legs converging toward the center line of gravity while the back remains firm, strong, and level.

Temperament
The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent, alert, and friendly, although slightly conservative. It is never overly shy nor aggressive, and such dogs are to be severely penalized in the show ring. At home it is an excellent watchdog, sounding a warning bark to announce the arrival of any stranger. It is protective of its home and family, although it does not threaten to bite or attack people. The American Eskimo Dog learns new tasks quickly and is eager to please.

Disqualifications
Any color other than white or biscuit cream
Blue eyes
Height: under 9" or over 19"

Approved: October 11, 1994
Effective: November 30, 1994



Historikk:

The "Eskie" is a member of the spitz family, or Nordic breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is almost certainly descended from the European spitzes, including the white German Spitz, the white Keeshound, the white Pomeranian and the Volpino Italiano (white Italian Spitz). After World War II, breeders on the West Coast may even have incorporated some Japanese Spitz into the Eskie.

During the 19th century in this country, small, white spitz-type dogs were commonly found in communities of German immigrants. These dogs were probably descendants of white German Spitz, white Keeshonden or large white Pomeranians that immigrated with their European masters. They came to be known collectively as American Spitz.

Late in the 19th century, the American Eskimo Dog was extremely popular for use in trick-dog acts in the many traveling circuses throughout the United States. The breed excelled in this job because of their sparkling white coat and quickness, and they possessed an innate intelligence, trainability and unsurpassed agility. These dogs traveling with the circuses helped develop and spread the popularity of the American Eskimo Dog.

In 1917 the name "American Spitz" became "American Eskimo Dog" although the exact reason for this is unknown. It may have been that usage of the word "eskimo" would pay homage to the breed's developmental association with various breeds of large, Nordic dogs developed by those native American peoples.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985 and began registering dogs in 1986. In 1993 their registry was transferred to the American Kennel Club resulting in more than 1,750 American Eskimo Dogs being registered as foundation stock in the AKC Stud Book. On July 1, 1995 the breed was given full AKC recognition and became eligible for competing in the Non-Sporting Group.



Farger og egenheter:

Colors
 
Description Type Code
 
White S 199
White & Biscuit S 269

 




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  • The American Eskimo Dog is AKC's 138th breed.
  • The American Eskimo Dog is nicknamed the "Eskie."
  • The American Eskimo Dog is always white or white with biscuit cream.
  • The American Eskimo Dog is bred in three distinct sizes: Toy, Miniature, and Standard.
  • The Eskie is a member of the spitz family, or Nordic breds.
  • Beginning in the late 19th century, the American Eskimo Dog was extremely popular for use in trick-dog acts in the traveling circuses throughout the US.
  • Known as the American Spitz until 1917, when the named was changed to American Eskimo (although the breed does not have any traceable origin or connection to Eskimo culture).