Serra Da Estrelahund
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Serra Da Estrelahund

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Serra Da Estrelahund:
Anerkjent av FCI
FCI nummer: 173
Gruppe 2: Pinscher-, schnauzer-, molosser og sennenhunder
Seksjon 2: Molosser
Anerkjent av AKC
Foundation Stock Service (FSS)
Each of the following breeds has been accepted for recording in the AKC Foundation Stock Service®. The AKC provides this service to allow these purebred breeds to continue to develop while providing them with the security of a reliable and reputable avenue to maintain their records. FSS® breeds are not eligible for AKC registration. Several of the FSS breeds are approved to compete in AKC Companion Events. To review the complete list of breeds approved to compete in companion events, click here. Contact information is available for a majority of the Foundation Stock Service® breeds. The AKC does not recommend one club over another. None of the clubs are affiliated with the AKC at this time (except for the coonhound national breed clubs).
ANDRE NAVN: Cão da Serra da Estrela, Estrela fjellhund, Estrela Mountain Dog
VEKT: Hann: 40-50kg
Tispe: 30-40kg
HØYDE: Hann: 65-72cm
Tispe: 62-68cm
FARGE(R): Fawn, ulvegrå og gul. Enten ensfarget eller med hvite tegninger.
PELSLENGDE: Kort eller langhåret
PELS: Grov

Treff i DogLex

Serra Da Estrelahund
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Estrela Mountain Dog
Om Estrela Mountain Dog:

Eligible Registries: The Estrela Mountain Dog Assocation of America, Any Acceptable Domestic or Foreign Registry

Contact: Estrela Mountain Dog Association of America, Tracey K. Conner, 102 Cherokee Drive, Shickshinny, PA 18655; 570-256-3976; Email:

Contact: Estrela Mountain Dog USA, Michelle Tefft, 10279 Sampson Road, Erie, PA 16509; 814-824-4906;


From the May 2007 Board Meeting - The Estrela Mountain Dog will be eligible to compete in Companion Events effective January 1, 2008.


The earliest of the Estrela ancestors were herd-guarding dogs in the Serra da Estrela, in what is now Portugal. Since there are no written records, it is not known for sure whether the ancestors which contributed to this breed were brought by the Romans when they colonized the Iberian Peninsula, or later by the invading Visigoths. Regardless, there is no disagreement that the Estrela is one of the oldest breeds in Portugal.

Those early guardian dogs were not the distinct breed we know today. Rather, the Estrela developed over a period of hundreds of years. Shepherds would have chosen to breed the dogs that had the characteristics necessary to survive in their mountain environment and to do their job: large size, strength, endurance, agility, a deep chest, ability to tolerate a marginal diet, the set of the legs, a powerful mouth, a tuft of hair around the neck, an easy, jog-like gait, a warm coat, and a watchful, mistrustful, yet loyal temperament. Since the region was isolated, there was little breeding with non-native dogs, leading to the purity of the breed.

Life changed little for the people and dogs of the region, even into the 20th century. The isolation of the region meant the breed was relatively unknown outside it until the early 1900's, and even then, they were mostly ignored in early dog shows. The Portuguese admired foreign breeds much more than their own. Shepherds often castrated their dogs to prevent them from leaving their flocks to mate. These factors were having a negative effect on the Estrela. So from 1908 to 1919, special shows called concursos were held to promote and preserve the Estrela breed in the region. During this period there was some attempt at a registry (of which there is no surviving record). Special livestock guardian working trials were included in these shows. The trial consisted of an owner bringing his dog into a large field with many flocks of sheep. The dog was observed by judges for its reactions coming into the field and as the shepherd was ordered to move the flock, which inevitably produced stragglers. The dog was expected to move from his spot of guarding to bring the stragglers back, and then assume a leadership position at the head of the flock.

The first, tentative, recorded breed standard was published in 1922. This standard just reflected the functional features naturally found in the best dogs of the time, although it did mention the dew claws as reflecting a "perfect" dog. The hooked tail and the turned-back ears, which later became part of the official standard, were not mentioned.

The first official breed standard was written in 1933. This standard attempted to differentiate the Estrela as a distinct breed. This led to the hooked tail and double dew claws becoming a requirement. All colors were allowed. The standard has undergone small refinements since then. For example, dew claws became optional by 1955, and the allowed colors have been limited a few times to achieve today's current set.

Prior to World War II, the Estrela's breeders were still primarily the shepherds and farmers of the region. Since they were mostly illiterate, they did not make any attempt to follow the official breed standard, if they even knew one existed. But by the early 1950's, interest in the breed returned, and the annual concursos were reinstated. Again the intent was to stimulate interest among the Serra residents and to encourage them to adhere to the official standard. During this period, the long-haired variety was most popular at shows, but "show dogs" represented (and still do) only a small portion of the Estrela population in Portugal. Many of the working dogs were (and are) short-haired.

Early in the 1970's, interest was steeply declining. There was some concern about the degeneration and even possible extinction of the breed. But the Portuguese revolution of 1974 helped save the Estrela. It led to changes both in dog shows in Portugal and in Portuguese dog breeds. Prior to the revolution, dog showing had largely been a pastime of the wealthy, with their preference for non-Portuguese breeds as status symbols. Now, working people could and did show the native dogs they preferred. Also, with the revolution came an increase in crime and thus more interest in guard dogs.

There is no record of Estrelas outside Portugal prior to 1972. While some undoubtedly did leave the country, they were probably interbred with no effort to maintain the breed. In 1972 and 1973, pairs were imported to the US. Others were probably imported into the US since then, but it was not until 1998 that the first EMDAA-recognized dog was brought over to the US. The United Kingdom was the first country to establish the breed outside Portugal in 1972. Today the Estrela can be found in many countries.

To this day, the Estrela Mountain Dog remains true to its guardian heritage. It is still a working dog, guarding flocks in its native Portugal and elsewhere. The Portuguese use it as a police dog. It is also an ideal family pet because of its alertness, loyalty, intelligence, and its instinct to nurture young, all features it needed in its earliest days.

Farger og egenheter:

Description Type Code
Brindle S 057
Fawn S 082
Wolfgray S 227
Yellow S 232
Description Type Code
Black Mask S 004
White Markings S 014


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  • The Estrela Mountain Dog has been assigned the Working Group designation.
  • The Estrela Mountain Dog has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since 2004.
  • The Estrela Mountain Dog or Cão da Serra da Estrela as he is called in his native Portugal is named for the Estrela Mountains and is believed to be the oldest breed in the region.
  • The Estrela is not only an excellent livestock guardian but is known for his love of children and family.
  • The breed has several distinctive physical characteristics including rosed ears, a black mask and a hook at the end of the tail.
  • The Estrela has a thick outer coat that resembles the texture of goat hair and comes in a longhair and a shorthair variety.
  • The breed is used by the Marine and Portuguese Police.
  • The Estrela is able to be a fierce guardian and protector, yet so versatile and gentle that he will often clean up newborn lambs or kids, stimulating them and getting them moving while the mother is preoccupied with birthing.
  • Estrela Mountain Dogs can be used to pull small carts.